Pass-on is a concept where smallholder livestock farmers receive livestock from NGOs, Projects or Government on loan and sign an agreement to pay the loan in kind by passing on the same number or more of livestock to fellow farmers within the community.
A number of NGOs and government running various projects have adopted the concept of pass-on especially on livestock related interventions. One such intervention is the Presidential Initiative on Small Stock Production (PISSP) which was initiated by the former president of Malawi, Ms Joyce Banda
in 2012. Under the initiative a total of 5,557 indigenous goats were distributed to 1,410 resource poor households in Mzuzu Agricultural Development Division in northern Malawi.
Each household received 4 female indigenous goats on loan and signed an agreement form to repay the loan by passing on the same number of female goats to the next beneficiary within the community. Two years down the line, the initiative has proved to be very beneficial to smallholder poor farmers. A total of 2,536 female goats have been passed on to secondary beneficiaries and over 200 smallholder households who in the past had literally no livestock, now own an average of 9 goats per household after repaying their loans to fellow bene f i c i ar i e s . At the current average goat price of US$41.00, these farmers can realize up to US$246 if they sell six goats. This is enough money to enable the households buy food and agricultural inputs like fertilizers and seeds. Besides the income, the goats also provide manure for crop production.